CHC – The Cancer & Hematology Centers

Head and Neck Cancer Treatments Near You

There are multiple types of head and neck cancers. Fortunately, there are also multiple head and neck cancer treatment options available to help you manage this life-changing diagnosis.

Discover more about head and neck cancers, and how The Cancer & Hematology Centers treat them in Michigan.

Types of Head and Neck Cancer

Doctors classify several types of cancer as head and neck cancer, including those starting in the cells lining the mouth, throat, voice box, or salivary glands. Some of the most common types of head and neck cancer include:

  • Oral cancer: This includes cancers that develop inside your mouth, on your tongue, your lips, and other areas in your oral cavity.
  • Oropharyngeal cancer: Cancers that appear in the middle of your throat are this type. Within this category, tonsil cancer is the most common type.
  • Hypopharyngeal cancer: This occurs in the bottom of the pharynx, which is part of your throat.
  • Laryngeal cancer: Also called cancer of the voice box, this affects your vocal cords.
  • Nasopharyngeal cancer: This cancer occurs in the upper part of your throat.
  • Salivary gland cancer: Cancers in this category form on your salivary glands, which produce spit for your body.
  • Nasal cavity and sinus cancer: These cancers form inside the hollow part of your nose or in the bones surrounding it.

Head and Neck Cancer Treatment Options

Surgical Treatment

Surgery is usually one of the first treatment options our oncology teams recommend for head and neck cancers. During surgery, your surgeon will remove the tumor, as well as a margin of healthy tissue surrounding it. This makes it less likely the cancer will return.

If your surgeon suspects your cancer has spread to the lymph nodes in your neck, they may remove those as well to prevent it from spreading any further.

Chemotherapy for Head and Neck Cancer

Chemotherapy uses specialized drugs to kill fast-growing cells throughout your body, including advanced-stage head and neck cancer. Your oncologist may administer chemotherapy drugs through an IV in your arm, or as an oral medication you take on a schedule.

Chemotherapy is meant to kill cancer cells that have spread to other parts of the body. However, because it kills fast-growing cells, it can also cause hair loss, mouth sores, and a temporary weakening of your body’s immune system.

Head and Neck Cancer Radiation Therapy

Radiation treatment for head and neck cancer uses high-energy atomic X-rays to shrink your tumor or stop it from growing. This can also relieve symptoms of the cancer. During your radiation therapy session, your cancer care team will use the X-ray machine to aim radioactive beams toward specific points on your body.

You might receive radiation therapy as a standalone treatment, or alongside chemotherapy, surgery, and other options.

Targeted Therapy for Head and Neck Cancer

Targeted therapy uses specialized medication to block the proteins in head or neck cancer cells from growing. While the concept is similar to chemotherapy, it only targets cancer cells—instead of targeting all types of fast-growing cells like hair or skin cells.

Your doctor may recommend specific types of targeted therapy drugs depending on the type of head and neck cancer you have, and if it’s associated with certain changes in your genes.

Immunotherapy for Head and Neck Cancer

Your immune system can’t usually recognize cancer cells as a threat by itself. Immunotherapy uses medicine to activate or train your immune system to recognize and attack cancer cells.

There are multiple FDA-approved immunotherapy treatments that can treat certain types of head and neck cancers. This option is particularly effective for cancers that have spread to other parts of the body.

Clinical Trials

Some of the best head and neck cancer treatment centers in the country are working every day to develop new treatments. Clinical trials are an essential part of their work. By participating in clinical trials for your head or neck cancer, you get access to forms of treatment that might not be widely available yet but are even more effective than existing options.

Head and Neck Cancer Treatment in Michigan with The CHC

Every experience with head and neck cancer is unique. That’s why our experts at The Cancer & Hematology Centers treat each diagnosis like the individual case that it is. We provide multiple treatment options, along with clinical trials and cutting-edge procedures to set you on the path to recovery for head and neck cancer.

Find Out About Head and Neck Cancer Treatment Options

Our team of oncologists is part of the best head and neck cancer treatment center in Michigan. To learn more about your head and neck cancer treatment options, call 800-411-7999 today.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ)

What Is the Most Common Head and Neck Cancer?

Most head and neck cancers are technically squamous cell carcinomas. However, among these, the most common types are oral cavity and oropharyngeal cancers. One of the most common symptoms of these cancers is a sore throat that just won’t go away.

What Causes Head and Neck Cancers?

A number of different factors can contribute to head and neck cancers. Some of the risk factors for most types of head and neck cancer include:

  • Tobacco use: Smoking or chewing tobacco is the most common cause of head and neck cancers.
  • Alcohol abuse: Regularly drinking too much alcohol can increase your risk of developing head or neck cancer.
  • Human papillomavirus (HPV): HPV is associated with certain types of head and neck cancers, particularly oropharyngeal cancer.

It’s important to remember that anyone can get head or neck cancer. Just because these risk factors apply to you doesn’t mean you’ll automatically develop cancer. Similarly, you can also get cancer even if you don’t have any of those risks.